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Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus

Class: Aves       
Diet: Carnivore
Lifespan: Up to 19 years           
Weight: Up to 900g      
Wingspan: Up to 106cm           
Reproduction: Egg-laying         
Status: Least concern   

Peregrine falcons can be found across Australia in a range of habitats from coastal areas, rainforests, arid inland and even in cities. They are also found in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas.

Peregrines prefer to nest on cliff faces amongst rocky outcroppings, and have adapted to urbanisation by building their nests in the window ledges of skyscrapers in cities. The largest population of peregrine falcons in the world can actually be found in New York City.  

Peregrines feed primarily on other birds such as pigeons, which are abundant in cities. They also feed on small mammals such as rabbits. They hunt by ambushing their prey from above, dropping into a stoop and colliding with their prey at speeds of up to 300km/h and killing them on impact. Peregrine falcons have been recorded reaching speeds of nearly 390km/h.